“‘Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant, or your ox or your donkey or any of your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.
by: Dale Rood.
Do you notice the different rationales for keeping Sabbath here and in the Exodus 20:8-11 passage? In Exodus, the focus is Creation—resting as God did at the end of His creative process. In Deuteronomy 5:5, the focus is on salvation—God bringing His people out of Egypt and the bondage of slavery. Because His people were now free, they had the opportunity to rest. This also pointed forward to the rest from slavery to sin that Jesus would bring and, ultimately, to our eternal rest in heaven. Both are valid for God’s people today. The Sabbath is both the opportunity for rest now and the symbol of rest yet to come.